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J Virol. 2007 Jul;81(14):7759-65. Epub 2007 Apr 4.

The cytomegalovirus-specific CD4+ T-cell response expands with age and markedly alters the CD4+ T-cell repertoire.

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  • 1C.R. U.K. Institute for Cancer Studies, Vincent Drive, Edgbaston, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TA, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Immune function in the elderly is associated with a number of phenotypic and functional abnormalities, and this phenomenon of immune senescence is associated with increased susceptibility to infection. The immune response to pathogens frequently declines with age, but the CD8(+) T-cell response to cytomegalovirus (CMV) is unusual, as it demonstrates a significant expansion over time. Here we have documented the CD4(+) T-cell immune response to CMV in healthy donors of different ages. The magnitude of the CMV-specific CD4(+) T-cell immune response increases from a mean of 2.2% of the CD4(+) T-cell pool in donors below 50 years of age to 4.7% in donors aged over 65 years. In addition, CMV-specific CD4(+) T cells in elderly donors demonstrate decreased production of interleukin-2 and less dependence on costimulation. CMV seropositivity is associated with marked changes in the phenotype of the overall CD4(+) T-cell repertoire in healthy aged donors, including an increase in CD57(+) expression and a decrease in CD28 and CD27 expression, a phenotypic profile characteristic of immune senescence. This memory inflation of CMV-specific CD4(+) T cells contributes to evidence that CMV infection may be damaging to immune function in elderly individuals.

PMID:
17409149
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1933343
Free PMC Article

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