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Curr Med Res Opin. 2007 Apr;23(4):783-91.

Clinical practice and recent recommendations in hypertension management--reporting a gap in a global survey of 1259 primary care physicians in 17 countries.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Clinical Pharmacology, Medical Faculty, Dresden, Germany. bramlage@mailbox.tu-dresden.de <bramlage@mailbox.tu-dresden.de>

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

High blood pressure (BP) is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Effective antihypertensive pharmacotherapy is available but recognition and proper management of hypertension and BP goal achievement is still poor. Therefore, it was hypothesized that physicians' attitude towards high BP, as well as patients' perception and knowledge, may influence actual management of hypertension.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Telephone interviews were carried out with a random sample of 1259 primary care physicians in 17 countries worldwide from 12 December 2005 to 13 January 2006 using a central computer assisted telephone interview methodology (CATI).

RESULTS:

(1) Physicians believed that 62 +/- 21% of their patients had their BP controlled. (2) They were mostly in line with guideline recommended BP goals and 96% were aware of the elevated cardiovascular risk of hypertension, but 41% aimed to reduce BP to acceptable levels only. (3) Physicians indicated that in 41% of patients monotherapy controls BP and 71% would escalate to combination therapy after monotherapy failure. (4) 54% regard hypertension management as difficult. (5) Physicians estimated that between 60 and 70% of patients know their BP goal but thought that there was still room for improvement of hypertension management on the patient side.

CONCLUSION:

Although many effective treatment options for arterial hypertension exist, BP goal achievement worldwide is suboptimal, leaving patients at an unnecessary cardiovascular risk. An increase in patients' awareness and compliance together with an increased adherence of physicians to current guidelines should help in reducing the long term cardiovascular consequences of hypertension.

PMID:
17407635
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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