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J Neurosci. 1992 Feb;12(2):674-90.

Transient calbindin-D28k-positive systems in the telencephalon: ganglionic eminence, developing striatum and cerebral cortex.

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  • 1Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139.


Calbindin-D28k (calbindin) is a member of the superfamily of calcium-binding proteins implicated in the regulation of intracellular calcium. In the mature brain, calbindin is widely expressed in neurons of the forebrain and the hindbrain, and in the telencephalon calbindin-like immunoreactivity is particularly strongly expressed by medium-sized neurons of the striatum and by certain other neurons in the cortex and subcortex. We have traced the development of calbindin expression in the forebrain of the rat, and report here that in addition to the steady development of these calbindin-positive neuronal systems, transient waves of calbindin expression occur in cells of the ventricular zones of the basal ganglia and cortex and in cells of the telencephalic regions derived from these ventricular zones including radial glia of the developing striatum. In the striatum and its ventricular zone (the ganglionic eminence, or GE) we identified four transient calbindin-positive systems in the perinatal period. First, calbindin-immunoreactive cells began to appear in the GE by embryonic day (E)18, and by E20 an extensive dorsal and lateral part of the GE was marked by dense calbindin-like immunoreactivity in the ventricular zone. This calbindin system peaked at postnatal day (P)0-P3 and disappeared by P15. Its presence suggests that the GE is divisible on a molecular basis into lateral and medial districts that may correspond to derivatives of the lateral and medial ventricular ridges. Second, a system of calbindin-positive processes appeared in the dorsal and lateral caudoputamen with temporal and spatial distributions matching the germinal zone system. Many of these processes could be traced from calbindin-positive cells in the ventricular zone of the GE, including processes stretching across the full width of the dorsal caudoputamen. Double-staining experiments demonstrated that these radial processes were Rat.401-positive, suggesting that they form a subset of radial glia in the developing telencephalon. These findings demonstrate that during development calbindin is expressed in glial as well as neural cells. They further suggest that the radial glia associated with the GE form heterogeneous populations, the transient calbindin-positive radial glia being associated with the lateral ridge of the GE and its derivatives. Third, a scattered population of calbindin-positive cells with morphologies different from the common medium-sized calbindin-immunoreactive neurons of the striatum appeared in the dorsal and lateral striatum from about E20 to P15. Some of these cells were close to the transient calbindin-positive radial processes in the same region, but others were not.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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