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Theor Appl Genet. 2007 May;114(8):1457-66. Epub 2007 Apr 4.

Accumulation of additive effects generates a strong photoperiod sensitivity in the extremely late-heading rice cultivar 'Nona Bokra'.

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  • 1National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, 2-1-2 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8602, Japan.


Many rice cultivars that originated from lower-latitude regions exhibit a strong photoperiod sensitivity (PS) and show extremely late heading under long-day conditions. Under natural day-length conditions during the cropping season in Japan, the indica rice cultivar 'Nona Bokra' from India showed extremely late heading (202 days to heading) compared to the japonica cultivar 'Koshihikari' (105 days), from Japan. To elucidate the genetic factors associated with such extremely late heading, we performed quantitative trait locus (QTL) analyses of heading date using an F(2) population and seven advanced backcross progeny (one BC(1)F(2) and six BC(2)F(2)) derived from a cross between 'Nona Bokra' and 'Koshihikari'. The analyses revealed 12 QTLs on seven chromosomes. The 'Nona Bokra' alleles of all QTLs contributed to an increase in heading date. Digenic interactions were rarely observed between QTLs. Based on the genetic parameters of the QTLs, such as additive effects and percentage of phenotypic variance explained, these 12 QTLs are likely generate a large proportion of the phenotypic variation observed in the heading dates between 'Nona Bokra' and 'Koshihikari'. Comparison of chromosomal locations between heading date QTLs detected in this study and QTLs previously identified in 'Nipponbare' x 'Kasalath' populations revealed that eight of the heading date QTLs were recognized nearby the Hd1, Hd2, Hd3a, Hd4, Hd5, Hd6, Hd9, and Hd13. These results suggest that the strong PS in 'Nona Bokra' was generated mainly by the accumulation of additive effects of particular alleles at previously identified QTLs.

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