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J Mol Signal. 2007 Mar 30;2:3.

E2F8 is a nonreceptor activator of heterotrimeric G proteins.

Author information

  • 1hagemani@wustl.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Heterotrimeric G proteins are important for numerous signaling events in eukaryotes, serving primarily to transduce signals that are initiated by G protein-coupled receptors. It has recently become clear that nonreceptor activators can regulate the level of heterotrimeric G protein signaling and, in some cases, drive cycles of receptor-independent G protein activation. In this study, we used a yeast expression cloning strategy to identify novel nonreceptor activators of heterotrimeric G proteins in a human adipocyte cDNA library.

RESULTS:

The human transcription factor E2F8 was found to activate heterotrimeric G proteins, suggesting a specific biological role for this recently described member of the E2F family. Epistasis studies showed that E2F8 acted at the level of G proteins and was specific for G alpha(i) over Gpa1. E2F8 augmented receptor-driven signaling, but also activated G proteins in the absence of a receptor. The GTPase-activating protein RGS4 antagonized the effect of E2F8, showing that E2F8's effect on G alpha involved nucleotide turnover. The entire E2F8 protein was required for full activity, but the majority of the signaling activity appeared to reside in the first 200 residues.

CONCLUSION:

In yeast, E2F8 is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the alpha subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins. The molecular mechanism and biological significance of this effect remain to be determined.

PMID:
17394670
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC1852105
Free PMC Article

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