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Bioresour Technol. 2008 Mar;99(5):1325-31. Epub 2007 Mar 26.

Removal of nickel(II) from aqueous solution by adsorption on agricultural waste biomass using a response surface methodological approach.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal 148 106, India.


In the present study, effect of adsorbent dose, pH and agitation speed on nickel removal from aqueous medium using an agricultural waste biomass, Sugarcane bagasse has been investigated. Batch mode experiments were carried out to assess the adsorption equilibrium. The influence of three parameters on the removal of nickel was also examined using a response surface methodological approach. The central composite face-centered experimental design in response surface methodology (RSM) by Design Expert Version 6.0.10 (Stat Ease, USA) was used for designing the experiments as well as for full response surface estimation. The optimum conditions for maximum removal of nickel from an aqueous solution of 50 mg/L were as follows: adsorbent dose (1500 mg/L), pH (7.52) and stirring speed (150 rpm). This was evidenced by the higher value of coefficient of determination (r(2)=0.9873).

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