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Am Heart J. 2007 Apr;153(4):665.e1-8.

Effects of balloon-based distal protection during primary percutaneous coronary intervention on early and late infarct size and left ventricular remodeling: a pilot study using serial contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Distal protection devices are effective in preventing distal embolization during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We investigated whether balloon-based distal protection could reduce early and late infarct size and left ventricular (LV) remodeling using serial analysis of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI).

METHODS:

Patients undergoing primary PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction within 12 hours after symptom onset were randomized to a distal protection group (n = 19) or to a control group (n = 20). The primary end point was infarct size evaluated by the volume of delayed hyperenhancement on CE-MRI at 3 days. The secondary end point included infarct size on CE-MRI at 6 months and LV remodeling assessed by the change between LV end-diastolic volume on CE-MRI at 3 days (baseline) and 6 months (follow-up).

RESULTS:

Percutaneous coronary intervention procedures were fully protected with balloon-based distal protection in all patients of the protection group. Infarct size was similar in the distal protection group and the control group at baseline (25.9 +/- 7.8% vs 26.1 +/- 8.2%; P = .93) and at follow-up (21.4 +/- 9.1% vs 18.5 +/- 9.1%; P = .51). The change in LV end-diastolic volume was 10.5 +/- 32.2 mL in the distal protection group and 8.9 +/- 40.7 mL in the control group (P = .86). There was no significant difference in the 6-month rate of major adverse cardiac events between groups (none in the distal protection group and 4 patients in the control group; P = .11).

CONCLUSIONS:

Serial CE-MRI showed that the balloon-based distal protection during primary PCI did not reduce early and late infarct size or prevent LV remodeling.

PMID:
17383309
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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