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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 May 11;356(3):785-91. Epub 2007 Mar 16.

A cis-element in the 3'-untranslated region of IkappaB-zeta mRNA governs its stimulus-specific expression.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.


IkappaB-zeta, an essential transcriptional regulator in inflammatory reactions, is induced by microbial substances that stimulate Toll-like receptors and interleukin (IL)-1beta but not by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, via specific mRNA stabilization. Here, we attempted to identify a cis-element in IkappaB-zeta mRNA that confers the specific induction. To evaluate the activities of various fragments in the post-transcriptional regulation, we constructed unique reporter plasmids, in which a fragment was inserted downstream of a destabilized luciferase cDNA transcribed by the SV40 early enhancer/promoter. In NIH3T3 cells, a reporter plasmid harboring IkappaB-zeta mRNA exhibited elevated luciferase activity following stimulation with lipopolysaccharide or IL-1beta, but not TNF-alpha, indicating the stimulus-specificity. We found that a 165-nucleotide fragment in the 3'-untranslated region conferred the specific induction. Stimulus-specific induction of IkappaB-zeta was observed by transfection of full-length IkappaB-zeta mRNA, but not of a mRNA without the fragment. Thus, this sequence is essential for the stimulus-specific induction of IkappaB-zeta via a post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism.

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