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Mar Pollut Bull. 2007;55(7-9):395-401. Epub 2007 Mar 26.

Mechanisms for the prevention of marine bioinvasions for better biosecurity.

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  • 1National Centre for Marine and Coastal Conservation, Australian Maritime College, Private Mail Bag 10, Rosebud, Vic. 3939, Australia. c.hewitt@ncmcc.edu.au <c.hewitt@ncmcc.edu.au>

Abstract

Biosecurity management allows countries to meet a number of international obligations and provides some protection from potential degradation of environmental, economic, social and cultural values. Ocean governance relies on the precepts of ecologically sustainable development to manage the multiple uses in the coastal zone. The increasing reliance on aquaculture to provide food security and economic development has led to an increase in the use of non-native target species grown as food sources. Increased economic activity has led to shifting trade patterns and increased efficiencies in vessels with the resulting increase in the number of introduced marine species via ballast water and hull fouling. Herein we review the different marine biosecurity strategies and legislation that have been implemented internationally and locally that aid in preventing and managing introduced marine species, with some attention to Australia and New Zealand as examples. Typical tools being used include quarantine, Import Health Standards, voluntary cleaning guidelines, and risk assessment, all of which aim to prevent introductions.

PMID:
17379259
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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