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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2007 Jul 1;311(1):152-8. Epub 2007 Mar 2.

Anchoring of a [Mn(salen)Cl] complex onto mesoporous carbon xerogels.

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  • 1Laboratório de Catálise e Materiais, Departamento de Engenharia Química, Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, 4200-465, Porto, Portugal.


Carbon xerogels were synthesized by the conventional sol-gel approach using formaldehyde and resorcinol. The wet gel was dried by two different procedures followed by carbonization, leading to mesoporous carbon xerogels with considerably different pore size distributions. The materials were subsequently oxidized with air, in order to introduce functional groups on the surface, in particular phenols, anhydrides and carbonyls. The capacity of the carbon xerogels for direct immobilization of metal complexes was tested with a manganese(III) salen complex which possesses an extended ligand pi system and two reactive hydroxyl groups on the aldehyde fragment. The manganese loadings of the various samples indicate that larger amounts of Mn(III) complex were immobilized in the oxidized carbon xerogels when compared with the parent unactivated materials, suggesting that complex immobilization took place preferably by covalent bond between the surface oxygen functional groups and the ligand reactive groups, rather than by pi-pi interactions. The size and shape of the carbon xerogel pores were also shown to play an important role in the final loading of the manganese(III) salen complex.

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