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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1992 Jan 9;43(1):29-33.

Incidence and cause of postpartum urinary stress incontinence.

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  • 1I. Frauenklinik, Universität München, F.R.G.


Urinary leakage was reported in 53.5% of our patients at least once during pregnancy. Multigravidae and women older than 30 were affected more often than primigravidae or women younger than 30. 6.2% of all women, who were continent before pregnancy, developed permanent stress incontinence after vaginal delivery. As a conclusion, it can be said, that vaginal delivery itself predisposes for permanent stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Factors, which increase the trauma to the pelvic floor (tear, no episiotomy, forceps or vacuum extraction), show a higher incidence of postpartum persisting SUI without statistic significance. Labour management with epidural anaesthesia showed a statistically proven lower incidence of postpartum persisting SUI in comparison to the pudendal block.

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