Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Bioconjug Chem. 2007 May-Jun;18(3):821-8. Epub 2007 Mar 22.

Use of antibody as carrier of oligomers of peptidomimetic alphavbeta3 antagonist to target tumor-induced neovasculature.

Author information

  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Sulfhydryl selective reactions were explored to conjugate oligomers of a peptidomimetic integrin alphavbeta3 antagonist, 4-[2-(3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidine-2-ylamino)ethyloxy]benzoyl-2-(S)-aminoethylsulfonylamino-beta-alanine (IA) to monoclonal antibody (MoAb) to increase integrin alphavbeta3 receptor-binding avidity. To generate sulfhydryl groups, N-succinimidyl-S-acetylthioacetate (SATA) was conjugated to both MoAb and IA. Sulfhydryl groups were then generated upon the deacetylation of the protecting acetyl group from the S-acetylthioacetato (ATA) moiety of MoAb-(ATA)n or IA-ATA with 0.02 M hydroxylamine in the presence of 1 mM EDTA at pH 7.2. The major focus was on optimizing the reaction concentrations, molar ratios, and reaction pH to conjugate high levels of IA-(A-SH) to MoAb-(A-SH)n without causing the inter- and intramolecular cross-linking of MoAb. Stepwise reactions of MoAb-(A-SH)n (15 microM MoAb) with a homobifunctional cross-linker, 1,8-bis(maleimido)diethylene glycol (BM[PEO]2) at a >50x molar excess to the -SH, followed by the reaction of the purified product MoAb-(A-S-succinimidomaleimido-[PEO]2)n with IA-(A-SH) at pH 7.2 afforded monomeric MoAb-(A-S-succinimido-[PEO]2-succinimido-S-A-IA)n with <10% high molecular weight oligomeric MoAb. Monomeric MoAb-(A-S-S-[PEO]2-S-S-A-IA)10 (MoAb-IA10) radiolabeled with 111In using 2-(p-isothiocyanatobenzyl)cyclohexyl-DTPA and with 125I using the Iodogen method showed >70% bindability to 0.4 microM alphavbeta3. When injected iv to nude mice with the receptor-positive M21 tumor, MoAb-IA10 radiolabeled with both 111In and 125I accumulated rapidly and was retained in the tumor for a 44 h period while the radioactivity cleared rapidly from the blood, thereby resulting in increasing tumor-to-blood ratios over time. The tumor uptake was similar between the 125I label and the 111In label for a 44 h period. In contrast, the blood radioactivity was lower, but liver and other organ uptakes were much higher for the 111In label than for the 125I. The 111In label produced higher tumor-to-blood ratios but much lower tumor-to-organ ratios than the 125I. The rapid blood clearance, a short peak tumor uptake time, and a low peak tumor uptake value with prolonged tumor retention of this macromolecule appear to support a hypothesis that MoAb-IA10 primarily binds to alphavbeta3 receptors on angiogenic vessels, but not on the tumor. This hypothesis was substantiated by the fluorescence microscopic analysis of FITC-MoAb-IA10, which showed that FITC-MoAb-IA10 outlined neovasculatures but not tumor cells at 4 and 21 h ex vivo. Additional proof was observed when blood vessels outlined with rhodamine-lectin, which specifically binds to blood vessels, were superimposable on neovasculatures outlined with FITC-MoAb-IA10.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Chemical Society
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk