Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
FEBS J. 2007 Apr;274(8):1908-17. Epub 2007 Mar 20.

Gliadain, a gibberellin-inducible cysteine proteinase occurring in germinating seeds of wheat, Triticum aestivum L., specifically digests gliadin and is regulated by intrinsic cystatins.

Author information

  • 1Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Japan.


We cloned a new cysteine proteinase of wheat seed origin, which hydrolyzed the storage protein gliadin almost specifically, and was named gliadain. Gliadain mRNA was expressed 1 day after the start of seed imbibition, and showed a gradual increase thereafter. Gliadain expression was suppressed when uniconazol, a gibberellin synthesis inhibitor, was added to germinating seeds. Histochemical detection with anti-gliadain serum indicated that gliadain was present in the aleurone layer and also that its expression intensity increased in sites nearer the embryo. The enzymological characteristics of gliadain were investigated using recombinant glutathione S-transferase (GST)-progliadain fusion protein produced in Escherichia coli. The GST-progliadain almost specifically digested gliadin into low molecular mass peptides. These results indicate that gliadain is produced via gibberellin-mediated gene activation in aleurone cells and secreted into the endosperm to digest its storage proteins. Enzymologically, the GST-progliadain hydrolyzed benzyloxycarbonyl-Phe-Arg-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin (Z-Phe-Arg-NH(2)-Mec) at K(m) = 9.5 microm, which is equivalent to the K(m) value for hydrolysis of this substrate by cathepsin L. Hydrolysis was inhibited by two wheat cystatins, WC1 and WC4, with IC(50) values of 1.7 x 10(-8) and 5.0 x 10(-8) m, respectively. These values are comparable with those found for GST-progliadain inhibition by E-64 and egg-white cystatin, and are consistent with the possibility that, in germinating wheat seeds, gliadain is under the control of intrinsic cystatins.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk