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Am J Sports Med. 2007 Sep;35(9):1433-42. Epub 2007 Mar 16.

Lower reinjury rate with a coach-controlled rehabilitation program in amateur male soccer: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

  • 1Department of Health and Society, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. hagglund.martin@telia.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Soccer injuries are common, and athletes returning to play after injury are especially at risk. Few studies have investigated how to prevent reinjury.

HYPOTHESIS:

The rate of reinjury is reduced using a coach-controlled rehabilitation program.

STUDY DESIGN:

Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1.

METHODS:

Twenty-four male amateur soccer teams were randomized into an intervention (n = 282) and control group (n = 300). The intervention was implemented by team coaches and consisted of information about risk factors for reinjury, rehabilitation principles, and a 10-step progressive rehabilitation program including return to play criteria. During the 2003 season, coaches reported individual exposure and all time loss injuries were evaluated by a doctor and a physiotherapist. Four teams (n = 100) withdrew from the study after randomization, leaving 10 teams with 241 players for analysis in both groups.

RESULTS:

There were 90 injured players (132 injuries) in the intervention group, and 10 of these (11%) suffered 14 reinjuries during the season. In the control group, 23 of 79 injured players (29%) had 40 recurrences (134 injuries). A Cox regression analysis showed a 66% reinjury risk reduction in the intervention group for all injury locations (hazard ratio [HR] 0.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.16-0.72, P = .0047) and 75% for lower limb injuries (HR 0.25, 95% CI 0.11-0.57, P < .001). The preventive effect was greatest within the first week of return to play. Injured players in the intervention group complied with the intervention for 90 of 132 injuries (68%).

CONCLUSION:

The reinjury rate in amateur male soccer players was reduced after a controlled rehabilitation program implemented by coaches.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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