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Bone. 2007 Jun;40(6):1475-82. Epub 2007 Feb 2.

Human parathyroid hormone (1-34) accelerates natural fracture healing process in the femoral osteotomy model of cynomolgus monkeys.

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  • 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, 1750-1 Ikenobe, Miki-cho, Kita-gun, Kagawa, Japan. manat@kms.ac.jp

Abstract

Several studies in rats have demonstrated that parathyroid hormone accelerates fracture healing by increasing callus formation or stimulating callus remodeling. However the effect of PTH on fracture healing has not been tested using large animals with Haversian remodeling system. Using cynomolgus monkey that has intracortical remodeling similar to humans, we examined whether intermittent treatment with human parathyroid hormone [hPTH(1-34)] accelerates the fracture healing process, especially callus remodeling, and restores geometrical shapes and mechanical properties of osteotomized bone. Seventeen female cynomolgus monkeys aged 18-19 years were allocated into three groups: control (CNT, n=6), low-dose PTH (0.75 microg/kg; PTH-L, n=6), and high-dose PTH (7.5 microg/kg; PTH-H, n=5) groups. In all animals, twice a week subcutaneous injection was given for 3 weeks. Then fracture was produced surgically by transversely cutting the midshaft of the right femur and fixing with stainless plate. After fracture, intermittent PTH treatment was continued until sacrifice at 26 weeks after surgery. The femora were assessed by soft X-ray, three-point bending mechanical test, histomorphometry, and degree of mineralization in bone (DMB) measurement. Soft X-ray showed that complete bone union occurred in all groups, regardless of treatment. Ultimate stress and elastic modulus in fractured femur were significantly higher in PTH-H than in CNT. Total area and percent bone area of the femur were significantly lower in both PTH-L and PTH-H than in CNT. Callus porosity decreased dose-dependently following PTH treatment. Mean DMB of callus was significantly higher in PTH-H than in CNT or PTH-L. These results suggested that PTH decreased callus size and accelerated callus maturation in the fractured femora. PTH accelerates the natural fracture healing process by shrinking callus size and increasing degree of mineralization of the fracture callus, thereby restoring intrinsic material properties of osteotomized femur shaft in cynomolgus monkeys although there were no significant differences among the groups for structural parameters.

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