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Nicotine Tob Res. 2007 Mar;9(3):341-9.

Provider feedback to improve 5A's tobacco cessation in primary care: a cluster randomized clinical trial.

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  • 1Providence/St. Vincent Hospital and Medical Center, Portland, OR 97225, USA.


The electronic health record (EHR) may be an effective tool to help clinicians address tobacco use more consistently. To evaluate the impact of EHR-generated practice feedback on rates of referral to a state-level tobacco quitline, we conducted a cluster randomized clinical trial (feedback versus no feedback) within 19 primary care clinics in Oregon. Intervention clinics received provider-specific monthly feedback reports generated from EHR data. The reports rated provider performance in asking, advising, assessing, and assisting with tobacco cessation compared with a clinic average and an achievable benchmark of care. During 12 months of follow-up, EHR-documented rates of advising, assessing, and assisting were significantly improved in the intervention clinics compared with the control clinics (p<.001). A higher case-mix index and presence of a clinic champion were associated with higher rates of referral to a state-level quitline. EHR-generated provider feedback improved documentation of assistance with tobacco cessation. Connecting physician offices to a state-level quitline was feasible and well accepted.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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