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Cancer Res. 2007 Mar 15;67(6):2559-67.

Lens epithelium-derived growth factor is an Hsp70-2 regulated guardian of lysosomal stability in human cancer.

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  • 1Apoptosis Department, Danish Centre for Translational Breast Cancer Research, Institute of Cancer Biology, Danish Cancer Society, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Heat shock protein 70-2 (Hsp70-2) is a chaperone protein essential for the growth of spermatocytes and cancer cells. Here, we show that Hsp70-2 depletion triggers lysosomal membrane permeabilization and cathepsin-dependent cell death and identify lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF) as an Hsp70-2-regulated guardian of lysosomal stability in human cancer. Knockdown of LEDGF in cancer cells induces destabilization of lysosomal membranes followed by caspase-independent and Bcl-2-resistant cell death. Accordingly, ectopic LEDGF stabilizes lysosomes and protects cancer cells against cytotoxicity induced by anticancer agents that trigger the lysosomal cell death pathway. Remarkably, ectopic LEDGF also increases the tumorigenic potential of human cancer cells in immunodeficient mice, and LEDGF expression is increased in human breast and bladder carcinomas correlating with that of Hsp70-2 in invasive bladder cancer. Taken together, these data reveal LEDGF as an oncogenic protein that controls a caspase-independent lysosomal cell death pathway.

PMID:
17363574
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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