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J Alzheimers Dis. 2007 Mar;11(1):85-95.

Isoform specific amyloid-beta protein precursor metabolism.

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  • 1Laborat√≥rio de Neuroci√™ncias, Centro de Biologia Celular, Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Abstract

Alzheimer's amyloid-beta protein precursor (AbetaPP) can occur in different isoforms, among them AbetaPP(751), which is the most abundant isoform in non-neuronal tissues, and AbetaPP(695), often referred to as the neuronal isoform. However, few isoform-specific roles have been addressed. In the work here described, AbetaPP isoforms, both endogenous and as cDNA fusions with green fluorescent protein (GFP), were used to permit isoform-specific monitoring in terms of intracellular processing and targeting. Differences were particularly marked in the turnover rates of the immature isoforms, with AbetaPP(751) having a faster turnover rate than AbetaPP(695) (0.8 h and 1.2 h respectively for endogenous proteins and 1.1 h and 2.3 h for transfected proteins). Hence, AbetaPP(751) matures faster. Additionally, AbetaPP(751) responded to both okadaic acid (OA) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), as determined by sAbetaPP production, with PMA inducing a more robust response. For the AbetaPP(695) isoform, however, although PMA produced a strong response, OA failed to elicit such an induction in sAbetaPP production, implicating isoform specificity in phosphorylation regulated events. In conclusion, it seems that the AbetaPP(695) isoform is processed/metabolized at a slower rate and responds differently to OA when compared to the AbetaPP(751) isoform. The relevance of isoform-specific processing in relation to Alzheimer's disease needs to be further investigated, given the predominance of the AbetaPP(695) isoform in neuronal tissues and isoform-specific alterations in expression levels associated with the pathology.

PMID:
17361038
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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