Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 6;104(10):3799-804. Epub 2007 Feb 26.

Trophoblast cell activation by trophinin ligation is implicated in human embryo implantation.

Author information

  • 1Cancer Research Center and Inflammation and Infectious Disease Center, Burnham Institute for Medical Research, 10901 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037.

Abstract

During human embryo implantation, trophectoderm mediates adhesion of the blastocyst to the uterine epithelium. The rapid growth of the embryo and invasion of the maternal tissue suggest adhesion-induced activation of the embryonal cells. We show here that ligation of trophinin, a homophilic cell adhesion molecule expressed on trophoblastic cells, induces tyrosine phosphorylation in trophinin-expressing trophoblastic HT-H cells. The phosphorylation could be induced in HT-H cells with the binding of trophinin-expressing cells or anti trophinin antibodies. Trophinin-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation was associated with actin reorganization. We also isolated trophinin-binding peptides from phage libraries. These peptides exhibited the consensus sequence GWRQ and seemed to reproduce the effects of trophinin-mediated cell adhesion. Upon binding of a GWRQ peptide, HT-H cells became highly proliferative and motile. HT-H cells expressed ErbB family receptors and bound EGF and heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF), but ErbB family receptor phosphorylation in these cells required GWRQ. In the absence of GWRQ, trophinin interacted with the cytoplasmic protein bystin, which binds to ErbB4 and blocks its autophosphorylation. In HT-H cells, GWRQ peptide dissociated trophinin from bystin, and ErbB4 was activated. Culturing monkey blastocysts in the presence of the peptide increased total number and motility of the trophectoderm cells. These results suggest that trophinin-mediated cell adhesion functions as a molecular switch for trophectoderm activation in human embryo implantation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk