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Nepal Med Coll J. 2006 Dec;8(4):238-42.

A profile of ectopic pregnancy at nepal medical college teaching hospital.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.


A retrospective study of ectopic pregnancy at Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital between January 2001 to June 2006 was carried out to determine incidence, demographic features, clinical presentation, duration at presentation and treatment, and the management protocol. A total of 36 cases of ectopic pregnancy were treated giving the incidence of ectopic pregnancy of 10.2/1000 deliveries and 7.3 /1000 pregnancies. The mean age is 30.1 years (range 23-45 years) and the mean parity is 1.2 with nulliparous at 49%. The mean gestational age is 6.9 weeks (range 5-11 weeks). Among the ethnicity, Mongolians constituted at 54.6%. The commonest risk factors present were infertility (33.3%), previous ectopic pregnancy (16.7%), pelvic inflammatory disease (13.9%) and tubal surgery (13.9%). The commonest symptoms at presentation are abdominal pain (94.4%), amenorrhea (72.2%) and abnormal vaginal bleeding (58.3%); and commonest signs were abdominal tenderness (91.7%), adnexal tenderness (72.2%) and cervical excitation (50.0%). The mean time from symptom to treatment was 176.58 hours and mean time from admission to treatment was 12.88 hours. Ectopic pregnancy was correctly diagnosed clinically in 85.0% patients including 42.5% (12/36) of ruptured ectopic pregnancy. Abdominal ultrasound and urinary รข-hCG tests (ELISA test) were additional diagnostic tools. Sixty one percent (22/36) presented in subacute condition. Two cases (5.6%) were presented late causing diagnostic problem and more morbidity like anaemia, blood transfusion, adhesion needing major operations. Salpingectomy is the mainstay of treatment. Only one case has conservative surgery. Late presentation and ruptured ectopic pregnancy is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. High index of suspicion and early recourse to laparotomy save the life from this obstetric disaster.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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