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Cell Calcium. 2007 Aug;42(2):213-23. Epub 2007 Mar 12.

TRPC1: the link between functionally distinct store-operated calcium channels.

Author information

  • 1Secretory Physiology Section, GTTB, NIDCR, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. indu.ambudkar@nih.gov

Erratum in

  • Cell Calcium. 2008 Oct;44(4):427. Bandyopadhyay, Bidhan [corrected to Bandyopadhyay, Bidhan C].

Abstract

Although store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) was identified more that two decades ago, understanding the molecular mechanisms that regulate and mediate this process continue to pose a major challenge to investigators in this field. Thus, there has been major focus on determining which of the models proposed for this mechanism is valid and conclusively establishing the components of the store-operated calcium (SOC) channel(s). The transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) proteins have been suggested as candidate components of the elusive store-operated Ca(2+) entry channel. While all TRPCs are activated in response to agonist-stimulated phosphatidylinositol 4,5, bisphosphate (PIP(2)) hydrolysis, only some display store-dependent regulation. TRPC1 is currently the strongest candidate component of SOC and is shown to contribute to SOCE in many cell types. Heteromeric interactions of TRPC1 with other TRPCs generate diverse SOC channels. Recent studies have revealed novel components of SOCE, namely the stromal interacting molecule (STIM) and Orai proteins. While STIM1 has been suggested to be the ER-Ca(2+) sensor protein relaying the signal to the plasma membrane for activation of SOCE, Orai1 is reported to be the pore-forming component of CRAC channel that mediates SOCE in T-lymphocytes and other hematopoetic cells. Several studies now demonstrate that TRPC1 also associates with STIM1 suggesting that SOC and CRAC channels are regulated by similar molecular components. Interestingly, TRPC1 is also associated with Orai1 and a TRPC1-Orai1-STIM1 ternary complex contributes to SOC channel function. This review will focus on the diverse SOC channels formed by TRPC1 and the suggestion that TRPC1 might serve as a molecular link that determines their regulation by store-depletion.

PMID:
17350680
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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