Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
J Pharmacol Sci. 2007 Mar;103(3):299-308. Epub 2007 Mar 7.

Clozapine prevents a decrease in neurogenesis in mice repeatedly treated with phencyclidine.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Neuropsychopharmacology, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.


It has recently been suggested that neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus is decreased in schizophrenia and this phenomenon may contribute to the pathogenesis of the disorder. Since repeated administration of psychostimulants such as phencyclidine (PCP), MK-801, and methamphetamine (METH) induces schizophrenia-like behavioral changes in animals, we investigated whether repeated administration of these psychostimulants affects neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of mice. Newborn cells were labeled by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and detected by immunohistochemistry. Repeated administration of PCP and MK-801, but not METH, resulted in a decrease in the number of BrdU-labeled cells in the dentate gyrus. PCP-induced decrease in the number of BrdU-labeled cells was negated by co-administration of clozapine, but not haloperidol, although repeated antipsychotics treatment by themselves had no effect. Furthermore, co-administration of D-serine and glycine, but not L-serine, inhibited the PCP-induced decrease in the number of BrdU-labeled cells. These results suggest that chronic dysfunction of NMDA receptors causes a decrease in neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for J-STAGE, Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk