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Biol Pharm Bull. 2007 Mar;30(3):508-13.

Pharmacological characterization of 5-Hydroxytryptamine-receptor subtypes in circular muscle from the rat stomach.

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  • 1Discovery Biology Research, Global Research & Development, Nagoya Laboratories, Pfizer Japan Inc., 5-2 Taketoyo, Aichi 470-2393, Japan.


5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) modulates gastric motility and gastric emptying via a variety of 5-HT receptor subtypes. However, regional and functional differences among 5-HT receptor subtypes in the rat stomach are not fully investigated. Thus, we aimed to characterize 5-HT receptor subtypes involved in the 5-HT-induced contractions in the isolated antral, corporal and fundic circular muscles of the rat stomach by measuring the contractile force. 5-HT induced concentration-dependent contractions in the antrum, corpus and fundus. 5-HT-induced antral contractions were partly blocked by atropine and enhanced by tetrodotoxin (TTX). Neither atropine nor TTX affected the corporal or the fundic contractions to 5-HT. In the antrum, 5-HT-induced contractions were inhibited by methysergide, tended to be inhibited by ketanserin, enhanced by SB-203186, but were not affected by WAY-100635, GR127935, RS-127445, ondansetron, or SB-269970. In the corpus, 5-HT-induced contractions were inhibited by ketanserin or methysergide. In the fundus, 5-HT-induced contractions were blocked by methysergide or RS-127445, but were enhanced by cinanserin or SB-203186. It is thus concluded that contractile responses to 5-HT in the antrum are mediated by 5-HT receptors on both smooth muscle and neurons whilst in the corpus and fundus responses are mainly mediated by 5-HT receptors on smooth muscle. Moreover, the antrum presents the contractile 5-HT2A and 5-HT2B receptors and the relaxant 5-HT4 receptors. The corpus presents the contractile 5-HT2A receptors, and the fundus presents the contractile 5-HT2B receptors and the relaxant 5-HT2A and 5-HT4 receptors.

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