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Am J Public Health. 2007 Apr;97(4):684-90. Epub 2007 Feb 28.

The effectiveness of vaccine day and educational interventions on influenza vaccine coverage among health care workers at long-term care facilities.

Author information

  • 1Division of Communicable Disease Control, California Department of Health Services, Gardena, CA 90248, USA. akimura@dhs.ca.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We examined barriers to influenza vaccination among long-term care facility (LTCF) health care workers in Southern California and developed simple, effective interventions to improve influenza vaccine coverage of these workers.

METHODS:

In 2002, health care workers at LTCFs were surveyed regarding their knowledge and attitudes about influenza and the influenza vaccine. Results were used to develop 2 interventions, an educational campaign and Vaccine Day (a well-publicized day for free influenza vaccination of all employees at the worksite). Seventy facilities were recruited to participate in an intervention trial and randomly assigned to 4 study groups.

RESULTS:

The combination of Vaccine Day and an educational campaign was most effective in increasing vaccine coverage (53% coverage; prevalence ratio [PR]=1.45; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.24, 1.71, compared with 27% coverage in the control group). Vaccine Day alone was also effective (46% coverage; PR= 1.41; 95% CI=1.17, 1.71). The educational campaign alone was not effective in improving coverage levels (34% coverage; PR=1.18; 95% CI=0.93, 1.50).

CONCLUSION:

Influenza vaccine coverage of LTCF health care workers can be improved by providing free vaccinations at the worksite with a well-publicized Vaccine Day.

PMID:
17329659
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1829357
Free PMC Article
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