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Int J STD AIDS. 2007 Jan;18(1):39-40.

Lamivudine-associated macrocytosis in HIV-infected patients.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii, HI 96813, USA.


Macrocytosis has been increasingly observed in HIV-infected population and is an early indicator of bone marrow toxicity. A retrospective study was conducted among these patients in a HIV clinic to assess risk factors of macrocytosis. We found that lamivudine was strongly associated with macrocytosis (OR = 24.6 [2.9-3223.0], P = 0.001). This association may be due to lamivudine's effect on erythrocyte synthesis.

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