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Leuk Lymphoma. 2007 Jan;48(1):80-8.

Use of five-color staining improves the sensitivity of multiparameter flow cytomeric assessment of minimal residual disease in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

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  • 1MLL Munich Leukemia Laboratory, Muenchen, Germany.


Application of five-color staining may improve quantification of minimal residual disease by multiparameter flow cytometry in acute myeloid leukemia. We analysed bone marrow samples in 139 cases using a comprehensive antibody panel with five-color combinations. Sensitivity was estimated by quantification of leukemia-associated aberrant immunophenotype (LAIP)-positive cells for each LAIP in 18 normal bone marrow (BM) samples. The logarithmic difference (LD) in LAIP-positive cells between leukemic and normal BM amounted to a median of 3.32 (range 1.76 - 4.89). Skipping one color resulted in an increase of LAIP-positive normal bone marrow cells while percentages of LAIP-positive leukemic cells changed only marginally (median gain in LD = 0.54; maximum gain = 3.30). Because regenerating bone marrow has not been used as control data are most important to post-therapy checkpoints. In 32 patients with clinical follow-up, a LD higher than the median (3.25) at the follow-up checkpoint corresponded to a longer event-free survival. These data suggest that the application of five-color staining significantly improves the sensitivity and accuracy of the method.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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