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J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007 Mar;44(3):312-7.

Short- and long-term response to and weaning from infliximab therapy in pediatric ulcerative colitis.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston 02114, USA. gfanjiang@partners.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We evaluated the response to infliximab in pediatric patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and their long-term follow-up. We expanded our previous study of 14 patients and furthermore evaluated the success of weaning patients from infliximab.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We reviewed the charts of 27 pediatric patients with UC who were treated with infliximab instead of undergoing a colectomy. Patients with new-onset UC refractory to intravenous steroids for 5 to 10 days and patients with non-steroid-dependent UC with an acute exacerbation were classified as acutely ill (n = 16); patients with chronic steroid-dependent UC were classified as chronically ill (n = 11). The Lichtiger Colitis Activity Index (LCAI) was measured for all patients at baseline and at 1 and 2 months after treatment with infliximab was initiated. Patients were regarded as successfully treated if they remained off steroids and avoided colectomy.

RESULTS:

The acutely ill group had a mean LCAI score of 11.4 at induction and 0.3 after 2 months. The chronically ill group had a mean LCAI score of 11.2 at induction and 5.5 after 2 months. Treatment with infliximab was successful in 75% of acutely ill patients and in 27% of chronically ill patients. Infliximab was discontinued in 80% of successfully treated patients (83% of acutely ill, 67% of chronically ill). These patients had an average of 10 infusions and a mean follow-up time of 10 months from their last infliximab infusion.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that infliximab is more effective in acutely ill UC patients than in patients with chronic steroid-dependent UC. In addition, some patients treated with infliximab can be weaned from infliximab and maintain remission.

PMID:
17325550
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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