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J Abnorm Psychol. 2007 Feb;116(1):213-8.

Parental monitoring moderates the importance of genetic and environmental influences on adolescent smoking.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. dickd@psychiatry.wustl.edu

Abstract

Although there is a substantial literature on the role of parenting in adolescent substance use, most parenting effects have been small in magnitude and studied outside the context of genetically informative designs, raising debate and controversy about the influence that parents have on their children (D. C. Rowe, 1994). Using a genetically informative twin-family design, the authors studied the role of parental monitoring on adolescent smoking at age 14. Although monitoring had only small main effects, consistent with the literature, there were dramatic moderation effects associated with parental monitoring: At high levels of parental monitoring, environmental influences were predominant in the etiology of adolescent smoking, but at low levels of parental monitoring, genetic influences assumed far greater importance. These analyses demonstrate that the etiology of adolescent smoking varies dramatically as a function of parenting.

(c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved.

PMID:
17324032
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1807367
Free PMC Article
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