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Gastroenterology. 1992 Feb;102(2):656-60.

Persistence of a hyperdynamic circulation in cirrhotic rats following removal of the sympathetic nervous system.

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  • 1Laboratoire d'Hémodynamique Splanchnique, Unité de Recherches de Physiopathologie Hépatique (INSERM U-24), Hôpital Beaujon, Clichy, France.

Abstract

The sympathetic nervous system is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of the hyperdynamic circulation associated with portal hypertension. However, the extent of this role is unknown. After elimination of all neurological control by pithing, systemic and regional hemodynamics were studied in rats with portal hypertension caused by either portal vein stenosis or biliary cirrhosis. In normal rats, pithing induced a two-thirds decrease in mean arterial pressure and cardiac index. Compared with pithed normal rats, pithed portal vein-stenosed rats showed similar values for mean arterial pressure, cardiac index, and portal tributary blood flow. In contrast, pithed cirrhotic rats still showed hyperdynamic circulation with increased cardiac index and portal tributary blood flow. Although pithing dramatically reduced portal pressure in all groups, portal pressure remained significantly higher in portal hypertensive rats than in normal rats. These results indicate that in rats with portal vein stenosis, the sympathetic nervous system plays a major role in hemodynamic alterations, whereas in rats with cirrhosis, nonneurogenic factors participate in the pathogenesis of the hyperdynamic circulation.

PMID:
1732135
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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