Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Ophthalmology. 2007 Jul;114(7):1348-1357.e1. Epub 2007 Feb 22.

Genotype-phenotype correlation in a German family with a novel complex CRX mutation extending the open reading frame.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Strabismology, and Ophthalmogenetics, Klinikum, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.



To describe the genotype-phenotype correlation in a German family with a novel CRX mutation and to perform a comparative analysis of published cases.


Retrospective observational case series, systematic review, and comparative analysis of the literature.


Four related patients with progressive retinal degeneration.


Mutation screening by single-strand polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing. Clinical examination included kinetic visual fields (VFs), 2-color threshold perimetry (2CTP), full-field electroretinography, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, and fundus autofluorescence (FA) recording.


Visual fields, subjective and objective cone- and rod-specific function, fundus aspect, retinal stratification, and FA.


A novel heterozygous complex mutation (c.816delCACinsAA) in CRX predicting the substitution of 27 C-terminal amino acids by 44 novel amino acids, thus abolishing the OTX tail, was identified in a 2-generation family finally diagnosed with cone-rod dystrophy (CRD), which was confirmed by 2CTP. Patients presented with variability in progression, nystagmus, and nyctalopia. Most of the patients were hyperopic. Electroretinography recordings showed residual rod and mixed cone-rod responses in 2 of the subjects. Age-dependent VF losses followed funduscopic changes of progressive atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium and neuroretina in the macula and midperiphery marked by disturbed FA. Optical coherence tomography showed decreased central retinal thickness. Comparative analysis of the 131 published data sets revealed 2 groups: patients with early and late onset.


We described a 2-generation family with a novel mutation in CRX. The resulting phenotype is that of CRD with variable age at onset and progression. The phenotype description of previously published cases is conclusive only for CRD.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk