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J Biochem. 2007 May;141(5):627-34. Epub 2007 Feb 21.

Active site mapping of amylo-alpha-1,6-glucosidase in porcine liver glycogen debranching enzyme using fluorogenic 6-O-alpha-glucosyl-maltooligosaccharides.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, 2-1, Daisen-cho, Sakai, Osaka 590-0035, Japan.


Glycogen debranching enzyme (GDE) has two enzymatic activities, 4-alpha-glucanotransferase and amylo-alpha-1,6-glucosidase. Products with 6-O-alpha-glucosyl structures formed from phosphorylase limit dextrin by the 4-alpha-glucanotransferase activity are hydrolyzed to glucose by the amylo-alpha-1,6-glucosidase activity. Here, we probed the active site of amylo-alpha-1,6-glucosidase in porcine liver GDE using various 6-O-alpha-glucosyl-pyridylamino (PA)-maltooligosaccharides, with structures (Glcalpha1-4)(m)(Glcalpha1-6)Glcalpha1-4(Glcalpha1-4)(n)GlcPA (GlcPA, 1-deoxy-1-[(2-pyridyl)amino]-D-glucitol residue). Fluorogenic dextrins were prepared from 6-O-alpha-glucosyl-alpha-, beta-, or gamma-cyclodextrin through partial acid hydrolysis, followed by fluorescent tagging of the reducing-end residues of the hydrolysates and separation by gel filtration and reversed-phase HPLC. Porcine liver GDE hydrolyzed dextrins with the structure Glcalpha1-4(Glcalpha1-6)Glcalpha1-4Glc to glucose and the corresponding PA-maltooligosaccharides, whereas other dextrins were not hydrolyzed. Thus, substrates must have two glucosyl residues sandwiching the isomaltosyl moiety to be hydrolyzed. The rate of hydrolysis increased as m increased and reached maximum at m = 4. The rates were the highest when n = 1 but did not vary much with changes in n. Of the dextrins examined, Glcalpha1-4Glcalpha1-4Glcalpha1-4Glcalpha1-4(Glcalpha1-6)Glcalpha1-4Glcalpha1-4GlcPA (6(3)-O-alpha-glucosyl-PA-maltoheptaose) was hydrolyzed most rapidly, suggesting that it fits the best in the amylo-alpha-1,6-glucosidase active site. It is likely that the active site accommodates 6(2)-O-alpha-glucosyl-maltohexaose and that the interactions of seven glucosyl residues with the active site allow the most rapid hydrolysis of the alpha-1,6-glucosidic linkage of the isomaltosyl moiety.

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