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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2007 May;97(2):105-9. Epub 2007 Feb 20.

Cervical ripening with the Foley catheter.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Insubria-Ospedale F. Del Ponte, Varese, Italy. antonellacromi@libero.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes in a large series of patients undergoing cervical ripening with a Foley catheter.

METHODS:

The database of the Labor and Delivery Unit of the University of a teaching hospital in Italy was used to identify consecutive patients with a Bishop score (BS) of 4 or less who underwent pre-induction cervical ripening with a Foley catheter. The main outcome measures were clinical chorioamnionitis, endometritis, and suspected and culture-proven neonatal sepsis.

RESULTS:

Of 602 women undergoing cervical ripening with a Foley catheter, 160 (26.6%) went into active labor without additional interventions. Oxytocin was administered immediately after removal of the Foley catheter in 188 (31.2%) of the women, and 254 (42.2%) required an application of prostaglandin E2 vaginal gel. The cesarean delivery rate was 25.6%. The median time to delivery was 1469 min (range, 94-3350 min). Of the women who gave birth vaginally, 225 (50.2%) were delivered within 24 h. Clinical chorioamnionitis and postpartum endometritis occurred in 3 (0.5%) and 6 (1.0%) of the women, respectively. Neonatal sepsis was suspected in 4 (0.7%) of the newborns but blood culture results were negative in all cases.

CONCLUSION:

Transcervical use of the Foley catheter is safe for pre-induction cervical ripening, and the associated risk of maternal or perinatal infections is negligible.

PMID:
17316649
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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