Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 2007 Mar 15;402(3):591-600.

Polyunsaturated fatty acid suppression of fatty acid synthase (FASN): evidence for dietary modulation of NF-Y binding to the Fasn promoter by SREBP-1c.

Author information

  • 1Department of Adipocyte Signalling, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA.

Abstract

Dietary PUFAs (polyunsaturated fatty acids) co-ordinately suppress transcription of a group of hepatic genes encoding glycolytic and lipogenic enzymes. Suppression of Fasn (fatty acid synthase) transcription involves two PUFA-responsive regions, but the majority of PUFA sensitivity maps to a region within the proximal promoter containing binding sites for NF-Y (nuclear factor-Y), Sp1 (stimulatory protein 1), SREBP (sterol-regulatory-elementbinding protein), and USF (upstream stimulatory factor). Promoter activation assays indicate that altered NF-Y is the key component in regulation of Fasn promoter activity by PUFA. Using electrophoretic mobility-shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis, we demonstrate for the first time that PUFAs decrease in vivo binding of NF-Y and SREBP-1c to the proximal promoter of the hepatic Fasn gene and the promoters of three additional genes, spot 14, stearoyl-CoA desaturase and farnesyl diphosphate synthase that are also down-regulated by PUFA. The comparable 50% decrease in NF-Y and SREBP-1c binding to the promoters of the respective PUFA-sensitive genes occurred despite no change in nuclear NF-Y content and a 4-fold decrease in SREBP-1c. Together, these findings support a mechanism whereby PUFA reciprocally regulates the binding of NF-Y and SREBP-1c to a subset of genes which share similar contiguous arrangements of sterol regulatory elements and NF-Y response elements within their promoters. PUFA-dependent regulation of SREBP-1c and NF-Y binding to this unique configuration of response elements may represent a nutrient-sensitive motif through which PUFA selectively and co-ordinately targets subsets of hepatic genes involved in lipid metabolism.

PMID:
17313375
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1863568
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (8)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Portland Press Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk