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J Immunol. 2007 Mar 1;178(5):3237-43.

TCR signaling antagonizes rapid IP-10-mediated transendothelial migration of effector memory CD4+ T cells.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, 295 Congress Avenue, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


Human microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) constitutively express MHC class II in peripheral tissues, the function of which remains unknown. In vitro assays have established that the recognition of EC MHC class II can affect cytokine expression, proliferation, and delayed transendothelial migration of allogeneic memory, but not naive, CD4+ T cells. Previously, we have shown that effector memory CD4+ T cells will rapidly transmigrate in response to the inflammatory chemokine IFN-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) in a process contingent upon the application of venular levels of shear stress. Using two models that provide polyclonal TCR signaling by ECs in this flow system, we show that TCR engagement antagonizes the rapid chemokine-dependent transmigration of memory CD4+ T cells. Inhibitor studies suggest that TCR signaling downstream of Src family tyrosine kinase(s) but upstream of calcineurin activation causes memory CD4+ T cell arrest on the EC surface, preventing the transendothelial migration response to IP-10.

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