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J Emerg Med. 2007 Feb;32(2):181-6. Epub 2007 Jan 22.

An overview of non-cardiac cocaine toxicity.

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  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.

Abstract

Cocaine use in the United States continues to be a significant problem. Cocaine use is responsible for approximately 143,000 Emergency Department visits annually. The cardiac effects of cocaine are well known and much is written on this topic; this is beyond the scope of this article. Cocaine use is also responsible for a variety of non-cardiac, systemic complications, which it is our purpose to review. Multiple systemic effects of cocaine are seen with both acute and chronic use. These systems include: psychological and psychiatric, neurological, renal, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, obstetrical, and otolaryngological.

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