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Am Heart J. 2007 Mar;153(3):445.e7-14.

Effects of zofenopril on myocardial ischemia in post-myocardial infarction patients with preserved left ventricular function: the Survival of Myocardial Infarction Long-term Evaluation (SMILE)-ISCHEMIA study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. claudio.borghi@unibo.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of the study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor zofenopril in post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients with preserved left ventricular function (LVF).

METHODS:

Three hundred forty-nine post-MI patients with preserved LVF (LV ejection fraction >40%) were treated for 6 months with zofenopril 30 to 60 mg (n = 177) or placebo (n = 172) according to a double-blind, randomized study design. The primary end point of the study was the combined occurrence of significant ST-T abnormalities on ambulatory electrocardiography (ECG), ECG abnormalities or symptoms of angina during standard exercise test, recurrence of MI, and need for revascularization procedures for angina.

RESULTS:

The primary end point occurred in 20.3% of zofenopril-treated and 35.9% of placebo-treated patients (P = .001), despite no differences in blood pressure control, LVF, and concomitant therapy. ST-T depression during ambulatory ECG occurred in 22.7% of patients treated with placebo and 10.7% of those undergoing ACE-inhibition treatment (P = .027). ST-T depression in response to exercise test occurred in 14.2% and 26.7% of patients treated with zofenopril or placebo, respectively, (P = .024), with a lower proportion of zofenopril-treated patients who complained of anginal pain (4.7 vs 14.3%; P = .017), significant ST depression (14.2 vs 26.7%; P = .024), and major ventricular arrhythmias (3.8 vs 10.5%; P = .048). The rate of major cardiovascular events was reduced in patients treated with ACE inhibitor, with a lower rate of development and progression of congestive heart failure.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of the SMILE-ISCHEMIA study support the cardioprotective role of zofenopril when given to patients with normal LVF after acute MI.

PMID:
17307427
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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