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J Biol Chem. 1992 Jan 25;267(3):1918-23.

Two naturally occurring mutations at the first and second bases of codon aspartic acid 156 in the proposed catalytic triad of human lipoprotein lipase. In vivo evidence that aspartic acid 156 is essential for catalysis.

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  • 1Department of Medical Genetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Abstract

We are studying naturally occurring mutations in the gene for lipoprotein lipase (LPL) to advance our knowledge about the structure/function relationships for this enzyme. We and others have previously described 11 mutations in human LPL gene and until now none of these directly involves any of the residues in the proposed Asp156-His241-Ser132 catalytic triad. Here we report two separate probands who are deficient in LPL activity and have three different LPL gene haplotypes, suggesting three distinct mutations. Using polymerase chain reaction cloning and DNA sequencing we have identified that proband 1 is a compound heterozygote for a G----A transition at nucleotide 721, resulting in a substitution of asparagine for aspartic acid at residue 156, and a T----A transversion, resulting in a substitution of serine for cysteine at residues 216. Proband 2 is homozygous for an A----G base change at nucleotide 722, leading to a substitution of glycine for aspartic acid at residue 156. The presence of these mutations in the patients and available family members was confirmed by restriction analysis of polymerase chain reaction-amplified DNA. In vitro site-directed mutagenesis and subsequent expression in COS cells have confirmed that all three mutations result in catalytically defective LPL. The two naturally occurring mutations, which both alter the same aspartic acid residue in the proposed Asp156-His241-Ser132 catalytic triad of human LPL, indicate that Asp156 plays a significant role in LPL catalysis. The Cys216----Ser mutation destroys a conserved disulfide bridge that is apparently critical for maintaining LPL structure and function.

PMID:
1730727
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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