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Infect Immun. 1992 Feb;60(2):450-4.

Role of gamma interferon and tumor necrosis factor alpha in resistance to Salmonella typhimurium infection.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Faculté de Médecine de Paris-Ouest, Université Paris 5, Garches, France.


In mice infected with a sublethal dose of Salmonella typhimurium, the injection of an anti-gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) monoclonal antibody increased bacterial proliferation in the spleen and led to death on day 7 or 8. Depletion of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells with monoclonal antibodies in vivo had a much less marked effect during the first week of infection than the administration of anti-IFN-gamma antibodies, suggesting that cells other than T lymphocytes participate in the production of IFN-gamma at this time. Administration of anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) antibodies to mice infected with a sublethal dose of S. typhimurium induced the same effect as anti-IFN-gamma antibodies, while the administration of both antibodies resulted in a synergistic interaction. When mice were infected with an avirulent strain of S. typhimurium and challenged on day 7 either with a virulent strain of S. typhimurium or with Listeria monocytogenes, their resistance to reinfection was slightly depressed by anti-IFN-gamma or anti-TNF-alpha antibodies given 1 day before challenge and much more strongly depressed by the simultaneous administration of both antibodies. Taken together, these results indicate that IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha play an essential role in acquired resistance during the early phase of S. typhimurium infection.

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