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Ther Drug Monit. 2007 Feb;29(1):87-95.

Concentrations of mycophenolic acid and glucuronide metabolites under concomitant therapy with cyclosporine or tacrolimus.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA.


Mycophenolate mofetil [MMF, the prodrug of mycophenolic acid (MPA)] is usually administered at double doses with cyclosporine than with tacrolimus because it is believed that MPA exposure is lower during cyclosporine therapy. This study aimed to compare 12 hour, steady-state concentration-time profiles of MPA and its phenol- and acyl-glucuronide metabolites (MPAG and AcMPAG, respectively) in stable kidney transplant recipients maintained either on cyclosporine (n = 12) or tacrolimus (n = 12). During the absorption phase in the cyclosporine group, dose-normalized concentrations of total and free MPA were significantly higher but the overall area under the concentration-time curve (AUC0-12) was not significantly different. Additionally, exposure to AcMPAG was higher in the cyclosporine group (P < 0.05). Ten of 12 patients in the cyclosporine group were on ketoconazole therapy; however, the exposure to MPA or MPAG was not different when MMF was given orally to Sprague-Dawley rats with or without ketoconazole. In conclusion, cyclosporine modulates the disposition of MPA and metabolites differently from tacrolimus; however, patients on cyclosporine may not require double doses of MMF to achieve the same exposure.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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