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Med Oncol. 2006;23(4):543-8.

Evaluation of prognostic factors and comparison of systemic treatment modalities in patients with recurrent or metastatic endometrial carcinoma.

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  • 1Trakya University, Medical Faculty, Medical Oncology Department, Edirne, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Prognostic factors related to survival in patients with inoperable metastatic or recurrent endometrial carcinoma (MREC) have remained unclear due to lack of clinical trials. The management of these patients is also controversial. This study was performed to compare the efficacy and toxicity profiles of two different systemic therapies (chemotherapy vs hormonal therapy) given for the treatment of patients with MREC and to identify the impact of various prognostic factors on the survival.

METHODS:

Between 1992 and 2004, 44 patients with MREC were admitted to our oncology department. Four cases were excluded from this retrospective study because of lack of data in their charts. Age, presence of other systemic diseases (such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension), histological type, tumor grade, stage, disease-free interval, site of recurrence or metastasis, systemic treatment modality, overall response to treatment, and duration of time to progression were evaluated as prognostic factors. Cox regression analysis was performed for identification of independent prognostic factors and differences between patients characteristics of two treatment groups were calculated by the chi-square or t test.

RESULTS:

The median follow-up was 18 mo (range 3-113). The overall response rates for chemotherapy and hormonal therapy group were 42% and 41%, respectively (p > 0.05). The median time to progression was 4 mo for the chemotherapy group and 5 mo for the hormonal therapy group (p > 0.05). The median survival after metastasis or recurrence was 11 mo for the chemotherapy group and 16 mo for the hormonal therapy group (p > 0.05). In the group of chemotherapy, grade 3-4 hematologic and nonhematologic toxicities were seen in eight and two, patients, respectively. No grade 3-4 toxicities were noted in patients treated with hormonal therapy. In multivariate analysis, only time to progression (p=0.001) and grade (p=0.04) were the independent prognostic factors on survival after metastasis or recurrence.

CONCLUSION:

Histological differentiation and duration of time to progression are predictive factors for survival after metastasis or recurrence in the whole group. The efficacy of two different groups of treatment in these patients appears to be similar. But the chemotherapy may have some disadvantageous in terms of toxicity. This study supports a future randomized prospective trial of hormonal therapy vs chemotherapy in patients with MREC.

PMID:
17303913
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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