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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007 May;1772(5):556-62. Epub 2007 Jan 4.

Lipid abnormalities in succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase (Aldh5a1-/-) deficient mouse brain provide additional evidence for myelin alterations.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Physiology, and Therapeutics, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58203, USA.

Abstract

Earlier work from our laboratory provided evidence for myelin abnormalities (decreased quantities of proteins associated with myelin compaction, decreased sheath thickness) in cortex and hippocampus of Aldh5a1(-/-) mice, which have a complete ablation of the succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase protein [E.A. Donarum, D.A. Stephan, K. Larkin, E.J. Murphy, M. Gupta, H. Senephansiri, R.C. Switzer, P.L. Pearl, O.C. Snead, C. Jakobs, K.M. Gibson, Expression profiling reveals multiple myelin alterations in murine succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency, J. Inher. Metab. Dis. 29 (2006) 143-156]. In the current report, we have extended these findings via comprehensive analysis of brain phospholipid fractions, including quantitation of fatty acids in individual phospholipid subclasses and estimation of hexose-ceramide in Aldh5a1(-/-) brain. In comparison to wild-type littermates (Aldh5a1(+/+)), we detected a 20% reduction in the ethanolamine glycerophospholipid content of Aldh5a1(-/-)mice, while other brain phospholipids (choline glycerophospholipid, phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylinositol) were within normal limits. Analysis of individual fatty acids in each of these fractions revealed consistent alterations in n-3 fatty acids, primarily increased 22:6n-3 levels (docosahexaenoic acid; DHA). In the phosphatidyl serine fraction there were marked increases in the proportions of polyunsaturated fatty acids with corresponding decreases of monounsaturated fatty acids. Interestingly, the levels of hexose-ceramide (glucosyl- and galactosylceramide, principal myelin cerebrosides) were decreased in Aldh5a1(-/-) brain tissue (one-tailed t test, p=0.0449). The current results suggest that lipid and myelin abnormalities in this animal may contribute to the pathophysiology.

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