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Psicothema. 2006 Feb;18(1):66-72.

[Relationship between dispositional optimism/pessimism and stress coping strategies].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad de Jaén, Spain. almarcor@ujaen.es


Recent studies confirm that dispositional pessimism is related with a worse state of physical health, in comparison with dispositional optimism . The efficacy of stress coping strategies has been considered as a mediating mechanism in this relationship. The aim of the present study is to analyze in a sample of university students (n = 200) the association between dispositional optimism/pessimism and different categories of self-reported somatic symptoms , and evaluate the possible mediation of the stress coping strategies in this relationship. The results indicate that: 1) pessimism is positively related with the report of physical symptoms, whereas optimism is negatively associated to somatic complaints; and 2) this relationship can be mainly explained by the differential utilization of the coping strategy denominated self-criticism (characteristic of pessimism).

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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