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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007 Apr;119(4):944-51. Epub 2007 Feb 9.

Allergenicity and antigenicity of wild-type and mutant, monomeric, and dimeric carrot major allergen Dau c 1: destruction of conformation, not oligomerization, is the roadmap to save allergen vaccines.

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  • 1Paul Ehrlich Institut, Department of Allergology, Langen, Germany. reege@pei.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Carrot allergy is caused by primary sensitization to birch pollen. Continuous carrot exposure results in additional Dau c 1-specific allergic responses. Thus, immunotherapy with birch pollen may not improve the food allergy.

OBJECTIVE:

Evaluation of mutation and oligomerization of the major carrot allergen, Dau c 1, in regard to alteration of antibody binding capacities, structure, and the ability to induce blocking IgG antibodies.

METHODS:

Measurement of IgE reactivities to monomers, dimers of wild-type and mutant Dau c 1.0104 and Dau c 1.0201, and Dau c 1.0104 trimer, their ability to induce blocking antibodies in mice, and their allergenic potency by histamine release.

RESULTS:

The reactivity of human IgE to the mutant dimer was reduced on average by 81%. Sera of immunized Balb/c mice showed specific IgG similar to the human IgE antibody response; Dau c 1.01 was more antigenic than Dau c 1.02. Both wild-type and mutant Dau c 1 variants induced cross-reacting IgG, which blocked binding of human IgE. The mutants were more antigenic than the wild-type forms, and the dimers induced higher IgG responses in mice than the monomers. The results of the histamine release experiments corroborated the findings of the antibody binding studies.

CONCLUSION:

Destruction of native conformation rather than oligomerization is the appropriate strategy to reduce the allergenicity of Bet v 1-homologous food allergens.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS:

The dimer composed of mutants of Dau c 1.0104 and Dau c 1.0201 is a promising candidate vaccine for treatment of carrot allergy because of its high immunogenicity and drastically reduced allergenicity.

PMID:
17292955
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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