Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Theriogenology. 2007 Apr 1;67(6):1150-7. Epub 2007 Feb 9.

Effect of lactose and glycerol on the motility, normal apical ridge, chromatin condensation and chromatin stability of frozen boar spermatozoa.

Author information

  • 1Kubus, S.A., Polígono Industrial Európolis C/E, n20, Las Rozas, 28230 Madrid, Spain.


The effect of lactose and glycerol concentration, as well as the equilibration time with glycerol was studied on motility, normal apical ridge (NAR), and chromatin state of boar spermatozoa after the freezing and thawing process. In the first experiment, samples were frozen in first and second extenders containing different concentrations of lactose (11, 12 and 14%). In the second experiment samples were frozen using second extenders with different concentrations of glycerol (4, 6, 8 and 10%) and were incubated at 5 degrees C for 0 and 30 min. Motility, motility after caffeine treatment, NAR, chromatin condensation and stability (susceptibility to de-condense after heparin treatment) were evaluated. The results indicated that freezing spermatozoa in extenders with increasing concentrations of lactose adversely affected motility but provided a protective effect on acrosomes. Increased lactose concentration induced higher chromatin condensation but maintained the same stability. Increasing the glycerol concentration in the second extender from 4-6 to 8% led to higher motility and NAR as well as lower chromatin condensation and stability. When 30 min equilibration time was allowed after dilution with the same extenders, spermatozoa showed higher NAR and lower chromatin condensation and stability. The longer equilibration time was detrimental for motility when freezing in the 8% glycerol extender but favourable when using the 4% glycerol extender. Compared to the 8% glycerol, spermatozoa frozen in the 10% glycerol extender showed similar motility and increased chromatin condensation and stability, as well as low values of NAR that did not improve by longer incubation time.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk