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Clin Neuropathol. 2007 Jan-Feb;26(1):1-11.

Proximal chromosome 11p contiguous gene deletion syndrome phenotype: case report and review of the literature.

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  • 1Institute of Neuropathology, Saarland University, School of Medicine, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany.


The proximal chromosome 11p contiguous gene deletion syndrome (P11pDS), also known as Potocki-Shaffer syndrome (PSS) or DEFECT 11 (OMIM 601224), is a disorder associated with foramina parietalia permagna and multiple osteochondroma (exostoses). Additional features include mental retardation, craniofacial anomalies, seizures and genitourinary abnormalities. Here, clinico-pathological findings of a unique patient with all of these features and, additionally, enlarged ventricles, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and adipositas are described. The brain showed malformative lesions with hallmarks of disturbed bulk growth including micrencephaly, periventricular nodular heterotopias and focal cortical dysplasia in the nodulus of the cerebellar vermis. In addition, symmetric foci with vacuolation of the underlying neuropil, intermingled macrophages and large bizarre, partially vacuolated, reactive astrocytes were found. The proximal short arm of chromosome 11 harbors several candidate genes that could explain the patient's signs and symptoms including ALX4 and EXT2, which are always present in the interstitial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 11 in PSS. In addition, MYBPC3 would be a good candidate for the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Furthermore, adipositas might be related to the MAPK8IP1 gene. To the best of our knowledge, the present patient is the oldest one so far described with PSS phenotype and the only case that has undergone detailed neuropathological investigation.

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