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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 6;104(10):4124-9. Epub 2007 Feb 8.

Escherichia coli enzyme IIANtr regulates the K+ transporter TrkA.

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  • 1Laboratory of Macromolecular Interactions, Department of Biological Sciences and Institute of Microbiology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.

Abstract

The maintenance of ionic homeostasis in response to changes in the environment is essential for all living cells. Although there are still many important questions concerning the role of the major monovalent cation K(+), cytoplasmic K(+) in bacteria is required for diverse processes. Here, we show that enzyme IIA(Ntr) (EIIA(Ntr)) of the nitrogen-metabolic phosphotransferase system interacts with and regulates the Escherichia coli K(+) transporter TrkA. Previously we reported that an E. coli K-12 mutant in the ptsN gene encoding EIIA(Ntr) was extremely sensitive to growth inhibition by leucine or leucine-containing peptides (LCPs). This sensitivity was due to the requirement of the dephosphorylated form of EIIA(Ntr) for the derepression of ilvBN expression. Whereas the ptsN mutant is extremely sensitive to LCPs, a ptsN trkA double mutant is as resistant as WT. Furthermore, the sensitivity of the ptsN mutant to LCPs decreases as the K(+) level in culture media is lowered. We demonstrate that dephosphorylated EIIA(Ntr), but not its phosphorylated form, forms a tight complex with TrkA that inhibits the accumulation of high intracellular concentrations of K(+). High cellular K(+) levels in a ptsN mutant promote the sensitivity of E. coli K-12 to leucine or LCPs by inhibiting both the expression of ilvBN and the activity of its gene products. Here, we delineate the similarity of regulatory mechanisms for the paralogous carbon and nitrogen phosphotransferase systems. Dephosphorylated EIIA(Glc) regulates a variety of transport systems for carbon sources, whereas dephosphorylated EIIA(Ntr) regulates the transport system for K(+), which has global effects related to nitrogen metabolism.

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