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Anal Biochem. 2007 Apr 1;363(1):108-18. Epub 2007 Jan 4.

Affinity profiling using the peptide microarray technology: a case study.

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  • 1Institute for Theoretical Biology, Humboldt University, Invalidenstrasse 43, 10115 Berlin, Germany.


Little about the reliability of measurements obtained using synthetic peptide microarrays is known. We report results from a study on the quantitative reliability of microarrays manufactured by robot-supported immobilization of presynthesized peptides for different microarray platforms. Technological precision is assessed for inter- and intra-device readout comparisons. Correlations between measured signals and known dissociation constants using a phenomenological model derived from the mass action law are discussed. Special emphasis is on discussing the pitfalls of high-throughput affinity measurements. We show that the quantitative determination of binding affinities is prone to be biased toward a mean affinity of around 10(-7)M, while the classification of peptides into either "binders" or "nonbinders" provides very high prediction accuracy. The experimental requirements needed to obtain reliable binding affinity predictions are discussed.

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