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Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1992 Jan;199(1):93-6.

Measurement of urinary clusterin as an index of nephrotoxicity.

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  • 1Population Council, Center for Biomedical Research, New York, New York 10021.


Measurements of tissue immunoassayable clusterin, a protein associated with programmed cell death and tissue reorganization, were performed in rats treated with nephrotoxic doses of gentamicin sulfate. Adult Lewis rats were treated with 100 mg/kg/day of gentamicin sulfate for 12 days. Urine, serum, and tissue levels of clusterin protein were measured, as were urinary N-acetyl beta-glucosaminidase (NAG) and serum creatinine levels. Induction of renal injury by gentamicin was detectable within 4 days by increased levels of urinary N-acetyl beta-glucosaminidase (from 280 +/- 66 (mean +/- SD) to 910 +/- 210 nmol/mg creatinine), and within 9 days of initiating gentamicin treatment by increased serum creatinine (from 0.5 +/- 0.1 to 1.2 +/- 0.4 mg/dl). Paralleling these changes, renal, urinary, and serum levels of clusterin increased 10-, 116-, and 3-fold (P less than 0.05). Treatment with gentamicin sulfate did not increase clusterin levels in the seminal vesicle, ventral prostate, testis, or epididymis. The measurement of urinary or serum clusterin may play a role in the early detection of renal injury.

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