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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2006 Dec;74(6 Pt 2):066606. Epub 2006 Dec 13.

High-order-mode soliton structures in two-dimensional lattices with defocusing nonlinearity.

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  • 1Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003-4515, USA.


While fundamental-mode discrete solitons have been demonstrated with both self-focusing and defocusing nonlinearity, high-order-mode localized states in waveguide lattices have been studied thus far only for the self-focusing case. In this paper, the existence and stability regimes of dipole, quadrupole, and vortex soliton structures in two-dimensional lattices induced with a defocusing nonlinearity are examined by the theoretical and numerical analysis of a generic envelope nonlinear lattice model. In particular, we find that the stability of such high-order-mode solitons is quite different from that with self-focusing nonlinearity. As a simple example, a dipole ("twisted") mode soliton with adjacent excited sites which may be stable in the focusing case becomes unstable in the defocusing regime. Our results may be relevant to other two-dimensional defocusing periodic nonlinear systems such as Bose-Einstein condensates with a positive scattering length trapped in optical lattices.

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