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Med Phys. 2007 Jan;34(1):175-82.

Calculation of lateral buildup ratio using Monte Carlo simulation for electron radiotherapy.

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto and Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network, 610 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Monte Carlo simulation was used to calculate the lateral buildup ratio (LBR) used in estimating the percentage depth dose (PDD) and dose per monitor unit for an irregular shaped cutout field in electron radiotherapy. Monte Carlo code BEAMnrc/EGSnrc was used to build a simulation model for a Varian 21 EX linear accelerator producing clinical electron beams with energies of 4, 6, 9, 12, and 16 MeV. The model is optimized by adjusting the incident electron energy within the Monte Carlo simulation so that the calculated PDD curves agree with the measurement within +/-2%. The LBR is calculated from the PDD curves for different diameters of circular cutouts. Although Monte Carlo simulation requires a longer time to create a LBR database compared to measurement using scanning water tank and dosimeter, the simulation models for different electron energies, applicators, and cutouts are very similar. As the calculations can be carried out in a batch mode automatically run by a computer, human efforts in carrying out measurements in the treatment room and fabricating the circular cutouts in the mold room are greatly saved. Moreover, the simulation avoids human error in the experimental setup and can better handle the electron scattering affecting accuracy in the measurement. Using Monte Carlo simulation to calculate the LBR is proved to be useful in the commissioning of the electron beams for electron radiotherapy.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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